Diving equipment: mask, snorkel, vest, regulator, wetsuit, fins ...
Scuba diving allows you to discover as closely as possible the splendours of the aquatic landscape, the richness of its flora and fauna. Before setting off to explore the underwater world of the destination of your choice, it may be wise to equip yourself well and be able to take advantage of suitable equipment for more pleasure, safety and comfort during immersion. Some equipment is the freedom of the diver, others are imposed by the sport code and are part of the basic equipment. The diving equipment is expensive, purchases must be made in a thoughtful way, for this everyone must therefore be able to determine their expectations (Will you stop in a few weeks? Are you a real enthusiast? …) in order to start your learning with own equipment.
Before venturing into the depths
Before embarking on the great underwater adventure, it is advisable to start aquatic hiking or snorkeling, a transitional activity to diving, consisting of observing the seabed from the surface. The advantage of this leisure is to be very accessible, in fact, it requires very little equipment, namely the PMT kit (fins – mask – snorkel), a signaling accessory (buoy …) as well as a full protective top or shorty type and it will allow you to get started in the marine world. Scuba diving requires more investment and specific training.
What is the equipment of the diver?
What are the basic equipment and secondary accessories for scuba diving? Initially, the scuba diving equipment acquired for an initiation into the pool should also allow, at least for a few dives, use at sea. We review the range of scuba divers.
Basic material for underwater activities
Scuba diving requires the right equipment to get the most out of the sea or other aquatic environment. Diving or snorkeling fins that allow you to move in the water, maintain your surface and balance yourself in the water, the snorkeling snorkel, an accessory that allows you to breathe while keeping your head underwater and mask which ensures vision under water are the three basic equipments of a scuba diver, a snorkeler, a freediver or even an underwater hunter … Although the snorkel is not necessarily necessary in diving.
Regarding thermal protection, the choice will be either on a shorty which is a combination of shorts and short sleeved top generally used in swimming pools or in very hot waters or either on a one-piece diving suit allowing to stay longer under the water. There are different categories of diving clothing: waterproof, semi-waterproof, wet, neoprene, tri-laminated … In different thicknesses depending on the type of dive and the water temperature. In addition to the outfit, the diver is equipped with slippers, gloves and a hood to protect the ends of his body. As for diving ballast (belt and sinkers), it allows a diver to have good buoyancy in order to facilitate underwater immersion.
For reasons of maintenance and budget, the diving tank or block, equipment providing the air breathed by the diver (diving autonomy), is often provided by diving clubs and centers, regardless of the destination of your trip . Day or night, you quickly realize that the diving lamp or lighthouse quickly becomes essential to better observe underwater life. The stabilization vest, also known as a diving stab, will allow the diver to stabilize, ascend, descend into the water or maintain himself on the surface by inflating or deflating this accessory. The regulator, which consists of a first stage fixed to the bottle and a second stage put in the mouth by the diver to breathe, will allow the pressurized air from the bottle to be transformed into air at ambient pressure, ready to to be breathed.
Instruments and accessories
Most of the divers are equipped with instruments and accessories more or less essential for a safe practice of scuba diving. We will cite the dive computer watch which allows various parameters to be measured during submarine immersion such as the depth, the duration or the landing times to be observed (safety). On the other hand, in order to have an indication of the pressure remaining in the block, the diver is provided with a pressure gauge, an instrument that attaches to the first stage of the regulator, as for the orientation under water, it is ensured by the diving compass. The landing parachute is a mandatory safety element to signal its presence underwater.
Other examples of accessories not mentioned: the diving knife, the lifting parachute, the whistle, the octopus (second emergency stage …) …
As soon as you buy your own diving equipment, the waterproof bag becomes essential for storing and transporting the equipment and accessories. Some bags store most of the equipment and others are specific to each accessory, such as bags for diving fins … It is difficult not to feel the urge to bring underwater shots of your diving trip to keep and share memories with your family and loved ones. For this, you will need to acquire underwater digital photo and video equipment, namely a waterproof underwater photo camera, a camera, a waterproof case, flashes and other accessories.
What about technical diving?
So-called “technical” dives in most cases require more specific equipment, suitable for deep dives, wrecks that are difficult to access or even long underwater immersions. The TEK diver can be equipped, for example, with a face mask, communicator, sidemount type vest, a wings, a rebreather … Equipment that is aimed at experienced divers and requiring special training . The experience acquired during your numerous dives could make you take the plunge in the future …
Now that we have taken stock of the essentials and secondary equipment of the diver’s panoply, all you have to do is equip yourself and follow the advice of professionals online or directly in a specialized store.